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Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Spotted: Citroën 2CV6 Charleston

Citroen 2CV6 Charleston
Photo by Kate Tompkins
On our north shore road trip, we took a cruise up the fjords of the Saguenay and docked at the town of L’Anse-Saint-Jean. While we were eating lunch at the dock, I saw what looked like a car from the 1940s pull into a parking lot up the hill from us. Naturally, I had to check it out, so once we were done, I grabbed my camera and headed up the hill to take a look. Wouldn’t you know it, I was just lining up a shot, when somebody else decided to park right next to it, despite there being plenty of other spaces. That meant I couldn’t get a good shot from the side, but did manage front and back views.

Citroen 2CV6 Charleston
Photo by Kate Tompkins
The car was a Citroën 2CV6 Charleston, and in beautiful shape. Despite its 40s appearance, I discovered when I had time to look into it that this particular model was built between 1980 and 1990, when Citroën discontinued the 2CV. I wasn’t wrong in thinking it looked old, however. The 2CV used pretty much the same body styling right from its initial introduction at the 1948 Paris Auto Show. They did change up the engine over the years, however, but the 2CV is no muscle car. According to ranwhenparked (which has a good post on the Charleston here), the Charleston had a 602 cc flat twin engine that put out 29 horsepower. While it could reach a top speed of around 70 mph, it would take nearly 33 seconds to do 0-60. No, I’m not missing a decimal point.

I can’t pin this one down any closer than 1980-1990, not having access to the VIN, or the owner for that matter. It is sporting the colours of the initial limited edition Charleston, which became so popular Citroën put it into regular production. In fact, according to Wikipedia, the last official 2CV to roll off the line was a Charleston.



Monday, September 15, 2014

Road Trip along Quebec’s North Shore: Tadoussac

Saguenay Fjords
Photo by Kate Tompkins
We spent a couple of nights in Tadoussac so we could take a five hour boat cruise up the Saguenay Fjords. Of course, that's really two hours up, two hours back, and a stopover for lunch. It was scenic but I wouldn't recommend it for anyone with kids--the ones that were on the boat were bored silly. The number one industry in Tadoussac seems to be whale watching cruises, but we didn’t have time to do that as well as the fjord cruise, and it was still fairly early in the season for the best whale watching.

Whale watchers must have lots of money because eating in Tadoussac was expensive. At least, I consider $9 for a slice of pizza, or $12 and up for a burger expensive. It was a very good burger, mind you. Possibly there are some fast food chains in the area, but we didn’t see any.

Hiking at Tadoussac
Photo by Kate Tompkins
If you’re not into whale watching, there is the beach, though it’s a small one. There are also some short, not too strenuous (though they do involve stairs) hiking trails with good views. I gather that kayaking and cycling are also available.

We did splurge a bit on accommodation, staying at the Hotel Tadoussac, which is right on the beach. It’s a hotel in the grand old style, with the current building dating back to, if I remember correctly, 1945, back when steamships full of tourists used to pull up to the docks. Now the tourists arrive by bus and car, making the narrow streets a bit of an obstacle course.

Hotel Tadoussac
Photo by Kate Tompkins
The front lawn of the hotel is lovely, built on a grassy slope overlooking the water, with chairs to sit in. It would be even better if they were serving afternoon tea, or had a beverage service. The building is lovely, too, especially the lobby, which is huge, and has lots of comfy chairs and tables that people actually use for conversations and relaxing—one had a large jigsaw puzzle set out on it. The doors were open most of the time so the “sea” breeze could blow through, keeping things nice and cool.

Unfortunately, our room was at the back of the hotel, facing onto a sheltered area, and while we kept our window open, there was no breeze to be had. There was also no air conditioning, although we did have a ceiling fan, which helped. Somewhat. I wouldn’t have cared to be there when it was actually hot out, however. So if you decided to stay, try to get a room on the river side.

The hotel does have various packages, including deals on cruises, meals, etc. We opted to have breakfast there, and at $10 per person for a hot and cold buffet, it was probably the best deal in town. The Coverdale dining room wasn’t a bad deal for dinner, either. For $10 more than a burger cost elsewhere, I could have a really nice steak.



Friday, September 12, 2014

Road Trip along Quebec’s North Shore: La Tuque to Tadoussac

Sainte-Rose-du-Nord
Photo by Kate Tompkins
From La Tuque we headed north east, to the Saguenay region. We soon left the lumber trucks and the heavily wooded area behind, in exchange for large fields around Lac-Saint-Jean. Though we only saw the eastern end of it, we were amazed at how big Lac-Saint-Jean is. I was reminded of the prairies, yet we had the feeling we were quite high up.

We skirted the bottom edge of the lake and headed for Saguenay, arriving there late morning. Once we got through Saguenay, we were back in wooded, hilly country. A sign at the side of the road not far past Saguenay warned that the next gas station was the last one for quite some time. They weren’t kidding. We never saw another station until just outside of Tadoussac. And the stretch from the sign to Tadoussac ate a lot of gas, considerably more than expected from the mileage on the map. So if you’re travelling this route, you might want to fill up either in Saguenay itself or at the “last” station.

Oh, and if you’re on the Rogers network, expect infrequent or non-existent service on your cell phone for most of this trip. You should be okay in major centres, but may not get anything at all in between. Not exactly reassuring if you’re travelling down a not particularly busy road and wondering if you can make it to the next gas station.

We took a detour off the highway into Sainte-Rose-du-Nord, looking for bathrooms and somewhere to have lunch (no, they don’t have a gas station). It’s a scenic little town, one of the very few between Saguenay and Tadoussac, and one of the stops on the Saguenay Fjord cruises. The tourist office was closed when we were there, which meant there was only one (very small) public bathroom. Since the place was packed with tourists, both those who had driven in, like us, and those from the boat, there was a line-up. We’d tried a picnic area quite a ways further back, but it had no bathrooms at all. One more reason to make a pit stop in Saguenay.

Salmon fishing river
Photo by Thomas Tompkins
Then it was back out to the highway and onwards to Tadoussac to finally rejoin the St. Lawrence. Enroute, we occasionally caught glimpses of a river (not the Saguenay), said to have salmon, and did pull over to take a look at one of the fishing areas. After that, woods and hills changed to a somewhat more urban area.


Next: Tadoussac

Tuesday, September 9, 2014

Road Trip along Quebec’s North Shore: Montreal to La Tuque

Covered bridge near St-Mathieu, Qc
Photo by Kate Tompkins
We started our trip along the north shore by leaving the St. Lawrence entirely and heading mostly north, to La Tuque. Since we’d done the Montreal to Quebec City stretch before, we figured we’d like to see something different.

The first part of the day wasn’t that exciting, as we were driving on a busy highway through an urban area. I did see one thing I would have liked to have gone back and taken another look at, however. That was an old-fashioned A&W at Joliette—the type you drove to, and got served in your car. No idea if they’re still using car hops. I’ll have to check it out one of these days.

As we got into a more rural area, we started to see signs for covered bridges. We stopped for lunch at one near St-Mathieu, but there were at least two others. The owners of some property nearby have graciously allowed access to a viewing point on the water, with a small picnic shelter, and we took advantage.

Back on the road, we decided on another detour and drove through the Parc National de la Mauricie, in hopes of seeing some wildlife. Did spot chipmunks and a blue jay, but nothing of any size. However, there was a good lookout point (a very short hike in from a parking lot) which almost made it worth the hefty entrance fee to the park. It did look like a great park for camping and canoeing—we could see several canoes from the lookout.

Parc National de la Mauricie
Photo by Kate Tompkins
After that we had to go almost as far back as Shawinigan in order to cross the river and swing north again. From that point on traffic began to pick up, but it was mostly lumber trucks and they were all in a hurry, usually on our tail. Except when we were going uphill, which happened a lot.

Somewhere between Shawinigan and La Tuque we saw a sign that the next gas station would be the last one for quite a while. As far as the highway is concerned, that’s true, but there are several stations in La Tuque itself.

La Tuque struck me as a frontier town. Most of the people staying at our hotel were hydro workers who got up very early in the morning. Not much in the way of restaurants unless you enjoy fast food. On the other hand, it has a really excellent municipal park with an observation tower and several small museums. One is on singer-songwriter Felix Leclerc, who was from there, another on the local fur trade. There was a collection of boat engines in a couple of sheds but they were under lock and key when we were there. The park also has a pond, a waterfall, and a small playground where your kids can let off steam. All free.
Falls at La Tuque
Photo by Thomas Tompkins


Monday, September 8, 2014

Road Trip along Quebec’s North Shore

Not quite the end of the road
Photo by Kate Tompkins
For some time now, my husband has wanted to drive along the north shore of the St. Lawrence, as far as the highway goes. This year we finally had our chance, and took off two weeks ago for ten days on the road. Of course we could have done the trip in less time, but we wanted to see things along the way. Also we wanted to stay in comfortable hotels and motels, which meant stopping in larger centres. However, if you like to camp, there were lots of campgrounds along the way, many of them along the water.

Would I recommend it? If you like looking at rocks, water and sand, forest and bog (and I do!), very much so. If your vacations are more travelling from one amusement park to the next, then it’s not the trip for you.

We went the last week of August/first week of September for two reasons. One, because we’d been told by someone who’s travelled that way frequently that the black flies and mosquitoes wouldn’t be as bad that late in the season, and two, because the kids were back in school, there was less traffic. We certainly didn’t see many bugs, even when we went hiking through the woods, but that could also be because it was nearly always windy. On the other hand, because school had already started, many of the smaller tourist offices (and hence public roadside toilets) were closed for the season.

While not everyone we ran across spoke English, they were all friendly and helpful and very keen to point out the beauties of their locality. Also, while we were worried about the availability of gas near the end of the road, that turned out not to be a problem (though it nearly was on the road between Saguenay and Tadoussac). There’s actually a pump right in Natashquan (up until last year the official end of the road), though it only dispenses regular and diesel. No one in the tourist industry seems to know about it, however.


Sunday, August 24, 2014

September 2014 Montreal Area Classic Car Events

I’m ahead of schedule for once. You can find next month’s shows under the link at the top right, or just click HERE. Still time to get in a few shows before the season’s done for another year.


Friday, August 22, 2014

100 Years of Dodge, Part Two

For those of you who’d like more details, I’ve pasted this Dodge brand chronology directly out of a press release from Chrysler. It’s all © Copyright 2014 Chrysler Group LLC, including the photos. I haven’t added, deleted or edited anything.

The press room at the Dodge Main plant circa 1918.
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1864
John Francis Dodge is born on October 25th in Niles, Michigan.

1868
Horace Elgin Dodge is born on May 17th in Niles, Michigan.

1896
Horace Dodge receives Patent #567,851 for a dirt-resistant bicycle bearing. In typical fashion, he shares credit with John.

1897
Production starts for the Evans & Dodge Bicycle Company in Windsor, Canada.

1901
The Dodges sell their interest in the bicycle business and start what would be the largest machine shop in Detroit.

The Dodge Brothers plant featured the first ever on-site
automotive test track of any vehicle manufacturer. All of the
new Dodge Brothers vehicles were driven on the track to
ensure quality. Circa 1920.
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1902
The Dodges become a major supplier of engines, transmissions and axles to the new automobile industry. Oldsmobile and Northern were major customers.

1903
Dodge gave up all other business, borrowed $75,000 for tooling and created the production drawings and all mechanical parts for the new Ford Motor Company. Starts shipping the first of 650 Ford cars. Dodge employs its entire shop - 135 workers; Ford employs only 12. The Dodge brothers accept a 10 percent share of the new Ford Motor Company stock for their risk.

1910
Dodge Main plant was built to supply Ford with engines and transmissions. The property will eventually grow to 78 acres and have more than 5,140,000 feet of manufacturing and office space.

1914
Dodge gave up all Ford business to introduce its own car - the first with an all-steel body. The first Dodge vehicle leaves the plant on Nov. 14, 1914. By the end of the year, 249 Dodge vehicles are built.

1915
Dodge ranks as America's third best-selling automaker. The word "dependability" is first used in Dodge advertising. Dodge offers a "winter car" with a removable hardtop and snap-on side glass.

1916
Dodge supplies 150 cars to the United States Army. General John Pershing uses these Dodge vehicles to catch Mexican bandit Pancho Villa. Lt. George Patton Jr. uses a Dodge vehicle in the first mechanized cavalry charge in U.S. history with three cars and 15 soldiers. Dodge introduces an all-new multi-disc clutch.

1917
Dodge enters the commercial truck field, offering both civilian and military trucks built on a passenger car chassis. The wheelbase on passenger cars is stretched from 110 to 114 inches. Dodge is fourth in U.S. sales.

1918
Calendar year production is just over 60,000 units. Dodge produces a 155 mm gun recoil system for the Allied armies during WWI.

1919 Dodge Four-Door Sedan
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1919
Dodge builds its 400,000th vehicle with a yearly total of 104,000 units. Dodge introduces a four-door enclosed sedan.

1920
Both Dodge Brothers die of influenza - John on January 14th and Horace on December 20th. Dodge is the second best-selling car in America.

1921
Dodge enters into an agreement with the Graham Brothers to build trucks for the Dodge dealer network. Dodge is #2 in U.S. sales with more than 81,000 units sold.

1922
The company expands its production capacity, achieving a rate of 600 cars per day. Vehicles feature a refreshed style with a taller radiator, but an overall lower vehicle. Introduction of Budd all-steel disc wheels.

1923
Dodge introduces the first all-steel Business Coupe. Dodge slips from third to sixth in sales.

1924
The Dodge Brothers Motor Car Company opens its first Canadian plant in Walkersville, Ontario. The wheelbase is lengthened from 114 to 116 inches. A new semi-elliptical spring is introduced. After a major plant expansion, the Dodge Brothers Company now employs 20,000 people and produces 1,000 cars a day. Dodge recaptures third place in U.S. sales.

1925
Calendar year production breaks 200,000 for the first time. A consortium of New York bankers buys the company from the Dodge brothers' widows for $146 million. The one-millionth Dodge is produced.

1926
All Dodge models now have the standardized SAE H-pattern shifting. A two-unit, six-volt electrical system is introduced. Dodge is ranked fourth in U.S. sales.

1927
A new five-main bearing crankshaft is introduced. Dodge is now seventh in U.S. sales.

1928
Chrysler Corporation acquires the Dodge Brothers Company for $170 million on July 30, 1928. For the first time, Dodge offers a six-cylinder engine. Models are offered in three wheelbases - 110-inch, 112-inch and 116-inch.

1929
Dodge introduces the first downdraft carburetor to the automotive industry. Dodge sells 124,557 vehicles, which is good for seventh in U.S. sales.

1930
Dodge begins production of an eight-cylinder engine. Model year production is 90,755. First year that a factory radio is offered.

1931 Dodge Roadster
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1931
Model year production is 53,264. Factory rust-proof bodies, valve seat inserts and automatic spark control are the big mechanical improvements. This was the last year a roadster body would be offered until 1949.




1932
"Floating Power" engine suspension is introduced. Model year production is 27,555.

1933
A new silent helical gear transmission is introduced. Models feature a new raked radiator and a longer hood. Model year production is 106,103.

1934
An all-new redesigned Dodge model line is considered to be the most attractive of any American manufacturer. The industry-first automatic over-drive transmission is introduced in Dodge vehicles. Independent front suspension is a new feature on Dodge vehicles. The eight-cylinder engine is dropped. Dodge won't have another until 1953. Model year production is 95,011.

1935
Dodge builds its 3 millionth vehicle. Model year production is 158,999.

1936
Model year production is 263,647. All-steel roof is introduced.

1937 Dodge D5 7-Passenger Sedan
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1937
Dodge introduces fully insulated rubber body mounts - an industry first. Introduced safety padding on the back of seats. Model year production is 295,047.

1938
Model year production is 114,529. The new Dodge Truck Plant opens in Warren, Michigan. The last convertible sedan is produced. This is the last year that the Dodge Brothers logo was used on Dodge vehicles.

1939
The 25th Anniversary models from Dodge featured an all-new fastback styling with an integrated trunk, headlights built into the fenders and a V-type windshield. These models are called Luxury Liners. Front suspension with coil springs is introduced. Model year production is 179,300.

1940
Sealed beam headlamps are introduced. Two-tone paint is available for the first time. Model-year production is 195,505.

1941
Fluid drive and safety rim wheels are introduced. Model year production is 236,999.

1942 Dodge WC Weapons Carriers awaiting shipment at the
Dodge Truck Plant in Warren, Michigan, during World War II.
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1942
A new six-cylinder engine is introduced with higher compression and more torque. Government orders automakers to stop production of passenger cars in February of 1942 to focus on the war effort.

1943
At the Dodge Main plant, 2,098 radar units and 5,500 Sperry Gyro compasses are built between 1943 and 1944.

1944
The Dodge Chicago plant builds 18,413 B-29 engines during the war.

1945
The first post-war Dodge's are introduced in the fall of 1945 as 1946 models. These vehicles are basically refreshed 1942 models.

1946
The 5 millionth Dodge is produced. Models are called the Custom and Deluxe. Model-year production is 156,148.

1947
Dodge is the nation's 5th best-selling vehicle, and has 6.52 percent of the market.

1948
This is the last year for the pre-war styled Dodges. A new Dodge assembly plant opens in San Leandro, California. Dodge is the sixth best-selling car in the U.S.

1949
The single bench Wayfarer Roadster is introduced. This would be the last roadster in the North American market. This has snap-in Plexiglas windows. The Meadowbrook and Coronet are introduced to replace the Deluxe and Custom. Model-year production hits 260,000.

1951 Dodge Wayfarer 2-Door Coupe
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1950
The first hardtop coupe for Dodge - the Diplomat - is introduced. The Wayfarer gets roll up windows. The first Dodge to drive in a NASCAR race is entered in a race in Canfield, Ohio. Model-year production hits 350,000 units.

1951
Dodge introduces its first all-steel wagon. The final Wayfarer Roadster is produced. Model-year production is 292,000.

1952 Dodge Pickup
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1952
The "Red Ram" HEMI® is introduced late in the year. This is the first V-8 in a Dodge. Models continue to be the Wayfarer, Coronet and Meadowbrook. Model-year production is 206,000.

1953
The Red Ram HEMI engine provides 140 horsepower to the totally redesigned Dodge line. A Dodge V-8 powered car breaks 196 AAA stock-car records at Bonneville Salt Flats. Dodge receives the first Virgil Exner designs. The Wayfarer line is dropped. Lee Petty gives Dodge its first NASCAR victory in a race in Palm Springs, Florida.

1954
A Dodge convertible paces the Indianapolis 500. 701 replicas of this car are produced. Dodge cars finish in five of the top six places in the medium stock class of the Carrera Pan-American. The PowerFlite automatic transmission is introduced. The Dodge Firearrow Roadster concept car is introduced. Model-year production is 150,930. A Dodge wins the Mobile Economy Run. The Royal model is introduced.

1955
The Dodge LaFemme coupe is introduced. This pink and white car is marketed toward women, and includes makeup, an umbrella and a rain hat. A high-end Custom Royal series is added. Model-year production is 273,286. A Super Red Ram HEMI is introduced. This engine produces 18 horsepower more than the standard red Ram.

1956
An under-dash record player is available. The "Hi-Way Hi-Fi" is the first in-car personal entertainment system. Three-tone paint is now available. An industry-first, push-button transmission is offered. The D-500 performance package is now available. This features a HEMI engine, upgraded brakes and a performance suspension. Model-year production is 233,686. Last year for the LaFemme.

1957
Large tail fins are now major features on all Dodge models. Model-year production is 281,359. Torsion-bar front suspension introduced, called "Torsion-Aire." The Dodge Red Ram HEMI is now 310 horsepower.

1958
Last year for the first-generation HEMI in a Dodge. Electronic fuel injection is offered on a limited number of Dodge vehicles. All Dodge vehicles ride on a 122-inch wheelbase. Model-year production is 133,953. Dodge is 10th in sales.

1959
Last year for the L-Head six-cylinder engine. Model line continues with the Royal, Custom Royal and Coronet. Swivel bucket seats are now an option. Model-year production is 151,851.

1960
The slant six replaces the long-lived L-head six-cylinder engine. The Dodge Dart is introduced. The first version of the Dart is a mid-size model. Unibody is introduced on all Dodge vehicles.

1961
Dodge introduces the Lancer compact. The Lancer is broken up into the 170 and 770 series. The lineup also includes the Dart Seneca, Pioneer, Phoenix and the Matador and Polara models. The 413 c.i.d. engine is now available. A performance version is used by drag race teams, including the Ramchargers. The Dodge FliteWing concept car is introduced.

1962
The lineup is now the Dart, Dart 330, Dart 440, Polara 500, Custom 880, Lancer 170 and Lancer 770 models. Four NHRA records are broken by Dodge.

1963 Dodge Polara 2-Door
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1963
The Wedge Head 426 V-8 is introduced. The engine dominates the drag strip. The Dart becomes a compact car. It replaces the Lancer. The Dart is available in the 170, 270 and GT series. Other available models are the 330, 440, Polara, Polara 500, 880 and Custom 880. Dodge begins to offer a 5-year/50,000-mile warranty.

1964
The 426 HEMI track and drag engines become available to race teams, but not for street use. Dodge celebrates its 50th anniversary. The Dart gets a new compact 273 c.i.d. V-8. The Dodge Charger concept car debuts.

1965
The Coronet name returns to the Dodge lineup in a mid-size sedan. The Monaco is introduced as a sport/luxury hardtop coupe. The concept car Charger II is introduced. Model-year production is 550,795.

1966 Dodge Charger
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1966
The "Street HEMI" first appears in the mid-size Dodge cars. The Charger is introduced. This fastback style will only be featured in 1966 and 1967. Dodge begins the "Dodge Rebellion" performance ad campaign. The 440 c.i.d. engine is now available.

1967
The Dodge Dart gets a new larger Unibody with a 383 c.i.d. V-8. The model lineup is now the Dart, Dart 270, Dart GT, Coronet deluxe, Coronet 440, Coronet 500, Coronet R/T, Charger, Polara and Monaco. The Dodge Deora concept, based on an A100 pickup, is introduced.

1968
An all-new Charger is debuted, featuring iconic "Coke-bottle" styling. The Dart gets the GTS package with either a 340 or a 383 V-8. The Super Bee is added to the Coronet lineup. The model lineup is the same with the exception of the new Charger R/T and the Coronet Super Bee. The Scat Pack is introduced. 75 HEMI Darts are built for Dodge by Hurst for NHRA competition. The Daroo I and Daroo II concepts debut, as does the Charger III.

1969
The Charger 500 is introduced with a flush front grille and a more aerodynamic rear window. The Charger Daytona is introduced with a nose cone and a large rear spoiler. This vehicle is intended for NASCAR; only 500 were produced. The Dart Swinger replaces the Dart GTS. 440 c.i.d. engines are now available with three, two barrel carburetors. Called a "Six-Pack," it was initially only available on the Super Bee. Dodge wins 22 NASCAR Grand National races.

1970 Dodge Super Bee
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1970
The Dodge Challenger debuts. A special model, the T/A is built to compete with the Mustang and Camaro in the Trans Am racing circuit. Final year of the 1968-1970 body style Charger. Convertibles are dropped from the Polara and Coronet lines. Model-year production is 503,392. The Dart Swinger 340 is a very popular model.
Buddy Baker drives a Dodge Charger Daytona to 200.447 mph. This is the first car to break 200 mph on a closed course.

1971
A Dodge Challenger convertible paces the Indianapolis 500. Dodge mid-size models are completely redesigned. Last year for the Charger R/T and Super Bee performance models. The Dodge Diamante concept is introduced. Final year of the Challenger Shaker.

1972
The 426 HEMI is no longer available on Dodge models. The Dart Demon is now available. An electronic ignition is offered. Dodge dealers begin selling the Mitsubishi-built Colt.

1973
The Dart Demon is renamed the Dart Sport. New energy-absorbing bumpers are available on all Dodge models. Model-year production is 675,161.

1974
All full-size Dodge vehicles are now named Monaco. This is the last year for the Challenger. Richard Petty wins the Daytona 500 in a Charger. Dodge celebrates its 60th anniversary.

1975
The redesigned Charger SE is built in Canada.

1976
The compact Aspen is introduced. The car is advertised "The family car of the future." The last Darts are produced. Economy minded "Dart Lites" are produced for one year.

1977
The Diplomat is introduced. The Coronet is dropped. The Monaco name is now used on mid-size cars; full-size models are badged Royal Monaco. T-Bar roofs are available on the Aspen.

1978
The Dodge Omni is introduced. The vehicle is the first transverse-mounted front-wheel-drive vehicle available in North America. The Charger XE is introduced. It is a sportier model than the Charger SE, which is still offered. This is the last year for the 440 and 400 V-8. The Royal Monaco is dropped after only one year. This is the last of the C Body full-size models.

1979
The hatchback Omni O-24 is introduced. The St. Regis is introduced. This is a new mid-sized model. The Charger is dropped, but the Magnum XE is still produced.

1980
The Mirada replaces the Magnum. The DeTomaso package is available on the O-24. Last year for the Aspen. This is the last year for the 360 V-8. A new 5-year/50,000 warranty is offered.

1981
The Dodge Aries K-car - an all-new vehicle that would prop up Chrysler Corporation's sales for several years - is introduced. This is the last year for the St. Regis. The 318 V-8 is the largest engine in the lineup.

1982
The mid-year introduction of the Dodge 400 convertible marks the first time since 1976 that a ragtop was offered by a domestic manufacturer. The Dodge 400 convertible is based on a stretched K platform. The Charger returns, based on the O-24 hatchback. Based on the O-24, the Rampage mini pickup is introduced.

1983
The Dodge Shelby Charger is introduced. This marks the return of a performance car to the Dodge lineup. The 600 is introduced. It is based on a stretched 600. The last "Slant Six" engines are produced.

1984
The revolutionary Dodge Caravan minivan - dubbed the "Magic Wagon" - is introduced. The Daytona is introduced and features a turbocharged 2.2-liter engine with 142 horsepower on the Turbo Z. A 600 convertible is now available. The 318 V-8 is the only engine available in the Diplomat.

1985
The H-Body Lancer is introduced as a five-door hatchback with an available 2.2-liter Turbo. This replaces the 600. The Aries receives a facelift with more aerodynamic fascias.

1986
This is the last year for a Dodge convertible for several years. Carroll Shelby produces a shockingly fast Shelby GLH-S based upon the Omni with a 175 horsepower 2.2-liter Turbo.

1987
The Dodge Shadow is introduced as a subcompact, available as a three-door and five-door hatchback. The Omni is now only available in the "America" package. This is a super-low-priced package that costs only $5,499. The Daytona is restyled with pop-up headlamps and a power 12-way 'enthusiast' seat with inflatable lumbar and thigh support. The Shelby Z model is introduced, featuring a new Turbo II intercooled 2.2L turbocharged engine delivering 174 horsepower. Carroll Shelby produces a very limited-edition Shelby Charger GLHS and Shelby Lancer, with a 175 horsepower turbocharged four-cylinder.

1988
The Dynasty is introduced and becomes the company's best seller, seating up to six with available V-6 power. The last Aries station wagons are available. A long wheelbase Caravan is introduced as the Grand Caravan. A new Lancer Shelby is introduced with a Turbo II engine - producing 174 horsepower and 0-60 in 7.2 seconds.

Dodge Viper concept car
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1989
Dodge celebrates its 75th Anniversary. The Dodge Viper Concept debuts at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit. The mid-size Spirit is introduced with seating for up to six and offering a choice of a 2.5-liter four-cylinder, 2.5-liter turbocharged four-cylinder or V-6 power. The Daytona is restyled with new two-tone ground effects and 16-inch aluminum wheels on Shelby and C/S models. The 2.5-liter turbo with counter-rotating balance shafts and 150 horsepower and 180 lb.-ft. torque, replaces the 2.2-liter Turbo I. The Shadow receives a styling update with flush-mounted headlights and two-tone ground effects on ES models. The Shadow also serves as the basis for the 175 horsepower Shelby CSX. This is the last year for the Diplomat and the Lancer.

1990
The Daytona receives a minor styling update on the exterior with monochromatic ground effects and an all-new interior. Mid-year, IROC replaces the Shelby, and the Turbo II is replaced with the Turbo IV, offering a new Variable Nozzle Turbo (VNT), dramatically reducing turbo lag. This engine is only offered in limited quantities in the Daytona Shelby and Shadow ES. A 3.0-liter V-6 becomes available in the Daytona, mated to either a five-speed manual or a four-speed automatic. Last year for the Aries. Industry-first driver-side airbags are standard on all Dodge vehicles. Dodge begins sponsorship of the International Race of Champions (IROC). All drivers compete in identical Dodge Daytonas.

1991
A pre-production Dodge Viper paces the Indianapolis 500. The Shadow is now offered in a convertible version. The Spirit R/T is introduced with the new 2.2-liter 224-horsepower Turbo III, featuring a 16-valve DOHC intercooled turbo with a Lotus Head, mated to a five-speed Getrag for 0-60 mph times in 5.8 seconds. All-wheel-drive Caravans are now available as part of the second-generation AS models. The Dodge Neon concept debuts. The Mitsubishi-based Stealth is first offered, featuring a 164 horsepower V-6, 222 horsepower 24-valve V-6 or a 300-horsepower twin-turbo V-6 with all-wheel-drive.

1992 Dodge Daytona IROC
Courtesy and copyright Chrysler Group LLC
1992
The Dodge Viper is now for sale to the general public, almost identical in design as the concept vehicle, with an 8.0-liter V-10 with 400 horsepower and a six-speed manual transmission. The Daytona is restyled with new exposed flush-mounted headlamps and the introduction of the IROC R/T, featuring the 2.2-liter turbocharged and Intercooled Turbo III 224 horsepower engine from the Spirit R/T. This is the final year that this engine and the Daytona IROC R/T and Spirit R/T are available. The Dodge Caravan and Grand Caravan feature an integrated child safety seat - a segment first. The Dodge Shadow introduces a new 3.0-liter V-6 option.

1993
The Dodge Intrepid is introduced along with the Chrysler Concorde and Eagle Vision. The all-new LH platform vehicles with their "cab forward" shape represent a new era in vehicle design.  The Intrepid is available with dual airbags, two V-6 engines, including a 214 horsepower 3.5-liter 24-valve, SOHC and traction control.
The high-performance Spirit R/T is dropped. Last year that the Dynasty is available. The Dodge Viper GTS concept is introduced along with the Venom concept.

1994
Traction control is standard on the Intrepid. The Intrepid offers a flex-fuel V-6 that can run on a mix of gasoline and methanol. Last full year for the Shadow. It will be built until mid-year 1995. The Shadow convertible is dropped. 10th Anniversary of the Caravan.

1995
The Neon is introduced, available as a two-door or four-door with a standard 2.0-liter, 132 horsepower engine. The Dodge Stratus brings the "cab-forward" design to the mid-size class. The Dodge Avenger coupe, built off a Mitsubishi platform, is introduced to replace the Daytona.

1996
The Dodge Viper GTS Coupe is available for sale late in the year with an 8.0-liter V-10, 450 horsepower engine. The new Dodge Viper GTS Coupe paces the Indy 500.
The Dodge Grand Caravan is all-new and features segment-first dual-sliding doors.

1997
A Dodge Stratus wins the SuperTouring Car Championship. The Dodge Copperhead and Sidewinder concepts are introduced.

1998
The Dodge Intrepid is redesigned, with even more dramatic style and a standard 2.7-liter V-6, 200 horsepower engine. The Dodge Durango is introduced, bringing V-8 power and seven-passenger seating to the mid-size utility segment. A new Dodge Neon R/T is introduced for SCCA racing, featuring a 2.0-liter, 150 horsepower engine. The Dodge Viper gets standard dual airbags. Dodge introduces the Durango R/T model with a 5.9-liter V-8 engine.

1999
Dodge introduces the Power Wagon and Charger concepts. 15th Anniversary of the Caravan.

2000
The Maxx Cab and Power Box concepts are introduced. An all-new Neon is introduced, available now only as a four-door with 132 horsepower. A high-performance version with a supercharged four-cylinder is also shown as a concept vehicle.

2001
The Super 8 concept debuts. An all-new Dodge Stratus Sedan is introduced, with an available 2.7-liter V-6, 200-horsepower engine. An all-new Stratus coupe, replacing the Avenger coupe, is introduced, still based on a Mitsubishi platform. An R/T version of the Neon is launched with a 2.0-liter 4-cylinder SOHC, 150-horsepower engine. A new RS Caravan and Grand Caravan are introduced, featuring new styling, a removable center console and power up-and-down liftgate.

2002
The Razor and M80 concepts are introduced. The new 2002 Dodge Ram 1500 is introduced.

2003
A big year for Dodge concepts. The Dodge Magnum, Kahuna and Avenger concept cars are all introduced, as well as the Tomahawk, which is a Viper V-10 engine-powered motorcycle. A new Viper is launched as a convertible, featuring a larger and more powerful 8.3-liter V-10 with 500 horsepower. Neon receives a freshening, with a more prominent cross-hair grille design. The SRT-4 is launched, featuring a 2.4-liter, 215 horsepower Intercooled Turbo. The Stratus coupe receives a minor freshening.

2004
The Slingshot concept is introduced. The SRT-4 receives a horsepower bump to 230 horsepower and the addition of a limited-slip differential. The second-generation Durango is introduced on a unique platform, now offering HEMI V-8 power for the first time. The Stratus Sedan receives a minor freshening. 20th Anniversary of the Caravan.

2005
Gen III Viper SRT-10 coupe is revealed in Detroit. Caliber concept unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show. Dodge Magnum is introduced, bringing back rear-wheel-drive and HEMI V-8 power in a four-door wagon. Engine choices include a 2.7-liter V-6 with 190 horsepower, 3.5-liter V-6 with 250 horsepower or 5.7-liter V-8 with 340 horsepower. Magnum SRT8 is revealed. Final year for the Dodge SRT-4 and Stratus coupe. Dodge introduces the industry-exclusive Stow 'n Go seating and storage system on the Grand Caravan, where the 2nd and 3rd row seats fold into the floor.

2006
A new Charger is introduced, marking the return of a historic Dodge nameplate and HEMI power. Viper introduces the return of the GTS. Magnum SRT8 is introduced, featuring a 6.1-liter HEMI V-8 with 425 horsepower. Dodge introduces three new concepts: Challenger, Hornet and Rampage. Final year for the Stratus sedan.

2007
The Dodge Demon concept car is introduced. The Charger Super Bee is introduced with a 6.1-liter HEMI V-8 engine with 425 horsepower. The Caliber four-door hatchback is introduced to the compact segment in early 2006 as a 2007 model, featuring a 1.8-liter, 2.0-liter and 2.4-liter four-cylinder engine in either front-wheel drive or all-wheel drive. The Nitro mid-size SUV is introduced, available in rear-wheel-drive or 4x4 configurations and either a 3.7-liter V-6 with 210 horsepower or 4.0-liter V-6 with 260 horsepower on the R/T.

2008
Challenger is introduced exclusively in SRT8 trim with a 6.1-liter HEMI V-8 with 425 horsepower, "carbon fiber" stripes and five-speed automatic. New 2008 Grand Caravan is introduced; the short-wheelbase model discontinued. Avenger sedan is introduced, replacing the Stratus sedan. Magnum receives a freshening during its final year. Caliber SRT4 is introduced with a 285-horsepower 2.4-liter turbocharged with an intercooled four-cylinder. The Zeo concept debuts.

2009
The Circuit electric vehicle concept debuts. 25th Anniversary of the Caravan and Grand Caravan. Dodge Journey crossover is introduced, featuring a choice of a 2.4-liter four-cylinder engine with 173 horsepower, 3.5-liter V-6 with 235 horsepower, front-wheel-drive or all-wheel-drive and five- or seven-passenger seating. Final year of the Caliber SRT-4.

2010
Caliber receives an interior freshening. Mopar '10 special edition of the Challenger is introduced. A special Viper SRT10 1.33 edition and ACR-X are announced.

2011
As part of one of the largest product renaissances, Dodge introduced six all-new or completely redesigned vehicles over a course of just a few months in late 2010 and early 2011. All-new Durango is introduced, featuring the Pentastar V-6 with up to 295 horsepower or 5.7-liter HEMI V-8 and 360 horsepower, four-wheel independent suspension and standard seating for seven. All-new Charger features a standard 292 horsepower Pentastar V-6 and an available eight-speed ZF automatic for a class-leading 31 miles per gallon (mpg). R/T models feature the 5.7-liter V-8 370 horsepower, with the SRT getting a new 470 horsepower 6.4-liter V-8 for 0-60 mph times in the low 4-second range. Charger features a class-leading 8.4-inch touchscreen, available all-wheel-drive with front-axle-disconnect and a new "racetrack tail lamp" signature styling cue consisting of 164 LEDs. Challenger is introduced with a new 305-horsepower Pentastar V-6 as the standard engine, 375-horsepower 5.7-liter or a new 470-horsepower 392 cu.in. HEMI engine. The new '392' is launched as part of a special inaugural edition. Avenger receives new styling, all-new interior and new powertrains, including a best-in-class 283 horsepower Pentastar V-6. Grand Caravan is significantly redesigned for 2011, with new styling, all-new interior, and a new best-in-class 283 horsepower Pentastar V-6, replacing the 3.3-liter, 3.8-liter and 4.0-liter V-6 engines. Journey receives a refreshed exterior, an all-new interior with an 8.4-inch largest-in-class touchscreen and an available 283 horsepower Pentastar V-6. Final year of the Nitro SUV.

2012
All-new Dart is revealed at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit in 2012. The Dart is the first vehicle built off the new Compact US Wide (CUSW) Fiat architecture, blending Alfa Romeo driving dynamics with three world-class engines, offering up to 41 mpg and up to 184 horsepower, along with class-leading technology and safety, with dynamic Dodge style, including the signature LED racetrack tail lamps and dual exhaust. Charger offers a new 300 horsepower version of the Pentastar V-6 with cold-air induction and paddle shifters. New AVP package introduced on Journey and Grand Caravan, along with a top-of-the-line R/T on Journey.
New Rallye Appearance Group on the Durango offers R/T looks, mated to a 295 horsepower V-6. New Blacktop package on Charger offers 20-inch Gloss Black wheels, black grille and a 300 horsepower V-6. New Rallye Redline on Challenger pairs 20-inch black chrome wheels with a signature red lip and backbone. Beats by Dr. Dre is exclusively available on the Charger. Final year of the Caliber compact hatchback.

2013
Charger offers a new AWD Sport model, bringing together a 300 horsepower V-6, paddle shifters and sport seats for the first time to all-wheel-drive customers.
The new 2014 Durango is revealed at the 2013 New York Auto International Show, showcasing new styling, including signature racetrack LED tail lamps, new eight-speed automatic transmission with the 295-horsepower V-6 or 360-horsepower V-8, 7-inch thin-film transistor (TFT) display, 8.4-inch touchscreen and dual Blu-ray DVD players in the second row. Charger Daytona is introduced as a limited-edition model, with unique interior and exterior styling cues. Thirty years of minivan leadership and innovation are celebrated with the launch of the special edition 30th Anniversary models of the Grand Caravan SE and SXT. At the 2013 SEMA Show in Las Vegas, two historic names are brought back - Scat Pack and HEMI Shaker. At the 2013 LA Auto Show, the 100th Anniversary of Dodge is celebrated with limited-production 100th Anniversary models of the Charger and Challenger, featuring exclusive High Octane Red paint, Molten Red or Foundry Black Nappa leather interiors, centennial badge and a unique owner's kit. 2014 Challenger Shaker is revealed with production beginning in early 2014, built off the R/T Classic with a genuine Shaker hood back returning to the Dodge lineup for the first time in 43 years. Celebrating the 45th anniversary of the Scat Pack, Dodge reintroduces the Scat Pack Club and Scat Pack Performance Stage Kits available in early 2014 on the Challenger and Charger 5.7-liter HEMI and Dart 2.4-liter Tigershark. New Charger Pursuit with all-wheel-drive delivers best pursuit-rated performance and fastest-ever AWD lap time during Police Evaluation Testing. 2014 Dart launches with the 184-horsepower 2.4-liter Tigershark standard on SXT, Rallye and Limited models.

2014

Dodge enters the 2014 model year as America's fastest growing automaker. The new 2015 Dodge Challenger and Charger are introduced at the 2014 New York International Auto Show. The new Challenger now offers a 485 best-in-class horsepower, track-ready all-new 6.4-liter Scat Pack model, 392 HEMI® Scat Pack Shaker, all-new interior and segment-first standard TorqueFlite eight-speed automatic transmission. The new 2015 Dodge Charger - the world's only four-door muscle car - gets a new exterior with nearly every exterior body panel re-sculpted, a 300-horsepower Pentastar V-6 with best-in-class 31 mpg highway, standard segment-exclusive TorqueFlite eight-speed automatic transmission and world-class handling and refinement. Dodge unleashes most powerful Challenger ever. The all-new 2015 Dodge Challenger SRT with the 600-plus horsepower HEMI Hellcat engine delivers unrivaled performance, race-inspired interior and new technologies geared toward the driving enthusiast.